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Factsheet about sturgeon trafficking

LIFE Danube for Sturgeons project compiled this factsheet about critically endangered sturgeon trafficking. The findings are based on a unique compilation of evidence revealing the threat of wildlife trafficking on the sturgeon populations in the lower Danube regions. The factsheet provides methodologies of their final report, results and conclusions, and recommendations.

Evidence for trafficking of critically endangered sturgeon in the lower Danube Region

A WWF report of the LIFE for Danube Sturgeons project demonstrating the occurrence of sturgeon trafficking in the Lower Danube Region, specifically in Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. It also provides first-time evidence of the scale of poaching and illegal trade, including in wild-caught sturgeons. Its findings were reached by combining official data on illegal fishing […]

LIFE for Danube Sturgeons

The project focused on saving sturgeons. Despite strict legal protection, illegal fishing and trade in meat and caviar from wild sturgeons still endanger the flagship of the Danube. Seven organisations from six countries teamed up to better protection of sturgeons. Together with fishing communities, alternative income sources were researched and developed to reduce the dependency […]

LIFE BalkanDetox Mortalily database

Illegal wildlife poisoning incidents across the Balkans are recorded in this database. Such a tool can provide a more precise overview of the problem, enabling combating wildlife poisoning to implement more accurate anti-poisoning actions to tackle this severe threat.

POP Center Wilderness Problems

The Center’s mission is to advance the concept and practice of problem-oriented policing (POP) in open and democratic societies. Applying this approach to wilderness problems enables law enforcement agencies and other interested organisations such as conservation NGOs to restructure how they identify and solve problems that threaten the sustainability of ecosystems.

European Federation for Hunting and Conservation (FACE)

Established in 1977, FACE represents the interests of Europe’s 7 million hunters as an international non-profit-making non-governmental organisation. FACE upholds the principle of sustainable use and has been a member of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 


This project aims to create a non-binding, practical instrument for prosecutors and judges to value ecological damages in court.


The project’s multidisciplinary approach brings together all the key players working to tackle environmental crime; AMBITUS ensures collaboration on a transnational level concerning waste trafficking, trafficking of endangered species and illegal logging.

United for Wildlife – Financial Taskforce

Comprised of representatives from financial institutions and experts on illegal wildlife trade, this Taskforce has been working to identify specific actions that the financial sector can take on this issue.

Reducing Opportunities for Unlawful Transport of Endangered Species (ROUTES)

The partnership brings together transport and logistics companies, government agencies, development groups, law enforcement, conservation organizations, and donors to disrupt wildlife trafficking by reducing the use of legal transportation supply chains, and forms a key element of the concerted international response to addressing wildlife poaching and associated criminal activities worldwide.

United for Wildlife – Wildlife Transport Taskforce

Its objective is to engage the transport sector in identifying and developing relevant and targeted solutions to wildlife trafficking, bringing together transport stakeholders including airports, shipping companies, and airlines with law enforcement and other agencies to identify and facilitate action led by the private sector.

Coalition to End Wildlife Trafficking Online

The world’s biggest e-commerce, technology, and social media companies have joined forces to shut down online marketplaces for wildlife traffickers; the Coalition brings together these companies in partnership with wildlife experts at WWF, TRAFFIC, and IFAW for an industry-wide approach.

Zero Poaching Toolkit

The Toolkit serves as a benchmark for countries to assess their positions and statuses towards achieving Zero Poaching.

EU Environmental Crime Network

EnviCrimeNet is an informal network connecting EU police officers and other crime fighters in the field of environmental crime.

EU Strategy to tackle Organised Crime 2021-2025

The Strategy focuses on boosting law enforcement and judicial cooperation, tackling organised crime structures and high priority crimes, removing criminal profits and ensuring a modern response to technological developments. It covers – among others – wildlife crime, especially illegal wildlife trade, noting the devastating consequences.


With the Spanish Action Plan against the Illegal Trafficking and International Poaching of Wildlife Species (TIFIES Plan), Spain became the first European country to transpose the EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking (2016-2020) into national legislation.

EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking 2016-2020

This Action Plan sets out a comprehensive blueprint for joined-up efforts to fight wildlife crime inside the EU and aims to strengthen the EU’s role in the global fight against these illegal activities. The plan has three main strands: better enforcement, enhanced cooperation, and more effective prevention; and runs until 2020 and is being implemented […]

EU Wildlife Crime – Study for the ENVI Committee

The study commissioned by the European Parliament gives an overview of the state of wildlife crime in Europe based on available documents, EU-TWIX data, and empirical research, including interviews, identifies main routes and species linked to illegal wildlife trade and enforcement deficits.

EFFACE Final synthesis report

The final synthesis report of EFFACE draws on previous publications and work conducted in the project. The report highlights the often incomplete nature of data on environmental crime and shows the difficulties in estimating the impacts of environmental crime in a quantitative manner illustrated by examples.


EFFACE assessed the impacts of environmental crime and aimed to provide effective and feasible policy options for combating it from an interdisciplinary perspective, focusing on the EU.


Its primary objective is rescuing the Dinaric-SE Alpine lynx population from extinction and preserving it in the long term through introducing additional, healthy animals from another population. The project partners develop science-based management tools for strategic planning to ensure the long-term viability of lynx and work closely with a variety of enforcement agencies.

LIFE Themis

The project helps prosecutors and interrogative authorities be familiar with the competencies and the protection status of the protected areas in Crete, Greece.

LIFE EuroKite

This project ensures cross-border protection of the Red Kite in Europe, endangered due to illegal persecution, by reducing human-caused mortality.

LIFE LifestockProtect

This project intends to improve livestock protection for the direct benefit of wolf conservation in the German-speaking Alpine Region.

LIFE Balkan Detox

This project raises awareness and strengthens national capacities to fight the problem of wildlife poisoning in the Balkans, which is one of the most important causes of mortality and population decline for numerous threatened and endangered species.

LIFE Danube Sturgeons

This project aims to stop the threat to highly endangered sturgeons in the Lower Danube and northwestern Black Sea region caused by illegal fishing and trade. The website is available in 5 languages (EN, BG, SR, RO, UA) and contains essential information for law enforcement officials.

LIFE Euro Large Carnivores

This project improves coexistence with large carnivores in Europe through communication, cross-border cooperation and knowledge exchange.

LIFE Imperial Eagle

The project aims to decrease human-caused mortality of the globally endangered imperial eagle birds with conservation actions in the Pannonian Region.

LIFE Fight for Survival

The project strategy is to reinforce the international work against the illegal killing, trapping and trading of wild birds, thus contributing to the elimination of the second largest threat to wild bird survival and delivering towards the implementation of the EU Birds Directive.

LIFE Nature Guardians

The project’s main objective is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of actions to combat environmental crimes in Portugal and Spain, especially those committed against wildlife.


TradeMapper is an interactive tool to visualise trade data, developed by TRAFFIC with the generous support of WWF-UK and Arcadia.